best way to whiten teeth

How Professional Teeth Whitening Is Done?

What Is Tooth Whitening?

Tooth whitening covers a range of treatments for your teeth that alter their color. This is typically used to whiten discolored teeth and remove blemishes such as coffee and nicotine stains. A Las Vegas dentist can do teeth whitening as an in-office procedure, and you can also find teeth whitening products sold over the counter in pharmacies. However, these are not as effective as professional teeth whitening treatments.

Professional Whitening Methods

The most common method of teeth whitening involves applying a whitening gel to your teeth while wearing a mouthguard for a period of time. You will need to do this regularly over a course of several weeks. The whitening solution will bleach your teeth whiter over time until they reach the desired shade. However, there are also in-office teeth whitening methods that are much faster.

What is laser teeth whitening?

Laser teeth whitening involves applying a whitening solution to your teeth such as hydrogen peroxide. Once the whitening solution has been painted onto your teeth, the dentist will use a laser to activate it, rapidly bleaching your teeth to the desired shade. This treatment usually takes about an hour. After the procedure, you may be given a fluoride treatment to protect the teeth and ease any sensitivity.

What is Zoom teeth whitening?

Zoom teeth whitening involves a similar process to laser teeth whitening, with the application of a peroxide solution to your teeth followed by a specialized curing light. After the in-office procedure is complete, you will get a kit to use at home that will further enhance and protect your new tooth color.

professional teeth whitening

What are The Benefits of Professional Teeth Whitening?


Your teeth can become discolored for many reasons, and this is not always caused by poor oral health. However, whatever the reason that your teeth are discolored or blemished, this is something that many people can feel self-conscious about. A professional teeth whitening treatment can give you more confidence in your smile.

Additionally, professional teeth whitening procedures typically involve the application of a protective treatment that will protect your teeth from further staining once the treatment is complete.

Is In-Office Whitening Better Than At-home?

Teeth whitening involves applying a bleaching agent inside your mouth. Whatever the treatment you use, this is a procedure best left to the experts. In-office teeth whitening treatments are the best teeth whitening method for a number of reasons.

Mistakes and ineffective products can not only fail to achieve the desired results, but might cause the uneven coloration, or even damage to your mouth and gums.

Because of these factors, in-office whitening has numerous advantages over at-home teeth whitening products that you can buy over the counter. These include:

  • A custom-tailored shade for your teeth, which can give your new teeth color a more natural appearance.
  • The procedure is much faster, and only takes a single appointment instead of weeks of repeat applications.
  • The results last a lot longer than those achieved by the much milder bleaching agents sold over the counter.
  • The bleaching agent is applied carefully and safely by an expert, avoiding damage and irritation to your gums.
  • At-home treatments do not provide customized whitening trays that are molded to your mouth, resulting in a less effective treatment that is more likely to leak bleaching agents into your mouth.
  • You will get the advice and support of a dental expert after the procedure is complete, helping you to protect your newly whitened teeth.

whiten your teeth

How Long Does Professional Teeth Whitening Last?


A professional teeth whitening treatment can last up to 3 years. However, this greatly depends on your diet, lifestyle, and oral hygiene. If you smoke or drink red wine, coffee or tea, these still stain your teeth over time, although a protective treatment will slow this process down.

At-home treatments usually do not last as long, and the whiter appearance may start to disappear after as few as 3 to 6 months after you complete the treatment. Because of the imprecision involved in applying at-home treatments, they can often last for a shorter period of time than this.

What to Expect With Professional Teeth Whitening

Professional teeth whitening is a fairly simple process. First, the dentist will clean and polish your teeth to remove any plaque and provide a clean surface to apply the whitening solution. Then your teeth will be isolated from the rest of your mouth with gauze, ensuring that they remain dry throughout the procedure. The dentist will also use a protective barrier that prevents any other part of your mouth from touching your teeth or getting in the way of the procedure.

Next, the bleaching agent is applied to your teeth. The dentist will use a laser or curing light, depending on the teeth whitening method being used, to activate the bleaching agent. This accelerates the bleaching process. There may be several applications of the bleaching agent and the curing light or laser throughout the treatment.

The whitening process, including curing, takes about an hour. Afterward, you may be given a follow-up kit to finalize the results. In addition, the dentist may also provide a fluoride treatment to strengthen your teeth’ enamel, which can reduce any sensitivity caused by the bleaching process.

Are you considering looking for professional teeth whitening in Las Vegas? Get in touch with us today to book a safe and effective teeth whitening procedure that will immediately brighten your smile.

Black Tartar on Teeth

You noticed black stuff on teeth that won’t go away no matter how hard you try brushing. If that’s the case, it might not be a regular stain. You are dealing with calculus or black tartar on teeth. This guide covers all details on how to tackle this dental problem. Whether you have black at the base of the tooth or in its upper section, here is what you should know about calculus and returning a perfect smile!

What Is Black Tartar?

Each meal you eat or beverage you drink helps bacteria to form in your mouth. That bacteria creates black plaque on teeth. It’s possible to remove it with flossing and brushing. But if you leave it untreated, it hardens and becomes black tartar on teeth.

Calculus will stain and become black. Apart from complicating your oral hygiene, it can be a precursor to different oral health problems.

What Complications Can Arise?

While tartar on teeth is primarily an aesthetic problem, it’s vital to treat it as soon as possible. Otherwise, you put your oral health at risk. If you notice black at the base of the tooth, it could be a sign of early tooth decay.

And if there is black between teeth and gums, it could irritate your gum line and cause inflammation. The research indicates almost every second adult over 30 in the United States deals with gingivitis. It’s the initial stage of gum disease that puts your oral health at risk. If you don’t treat it, it can become periodontitis. It’s a severe gum disease that often includes huge pain and teeth falling out.

Periodontitis is a health hazard for other conditions, such as diabetes, heart, and respiratory diseases. That’s why it’s best to deal with black stuff on teeth near gums as soon as possible.

Causes of Black Tartar

Reasons behind black stuff on teeth aren’t that different from causes of other health problems. Here’s what could lead to tartar on teeth:

  • Improper oral hygiene. If you don’t brush and floss regularly, you could end up with black stuff on your teeth. Plaque forms first and tartar later, which is why you shouldn’t let that plaque harden.
  • Bad eating habits. Sugary foods like candy are a huge oral health problem. It can lead to a variety of problems with your teeth. The same applies to processed foods rich in starch.
  • Poor drinking habits. It’s not only alcohol, although wine is among the biggest risks for tartar on teeth. You also want to avoid juices and sugary liquids.
  • Smoking. If you smoke, tooth discoloration is only a matter of time. And if you don’t have proper oral hygiene, the risk of tartar forming only increases.
  • Damage of trauma. If you hit your tooth, it could lead to enamel damage, making it more vulnerable to tartar.

Black Tartar on Teeth

Symptoms of Black Tartar

What’s the best way to recognize black tartar on teeth? Check out for these signs to identify a potential problem:

  • Dark discoloration on the tooth’s surface. Do you notice black at the base of a tooth or close to it?
  • Visible deposits. If you can see deposits on your teeth, it could be tartar or indicate a risk of it forming soon.
  • Bad breath. This is a common indicator you have an oral health issue.
  • Loose teeth and bleeding gums. It could mean tartar already migrated into gum disease, so make sure to check with your dentist immediately.

Does Black Tartar Mean Cavity?

A systematic review published in 2019 shows that black stuff on teeth near gums and cavities aren’t related. If you have tartar, that doesn’t mean you have a cavity. Furthermore, you might have a lower chance of developing it.

Can You Get Rid of Black Tartar on Teeth?

The first step is to get a  toothbrush with soft bristles. Next, get a fluoride toothpaste or one that mentions “for tartar and plaque.”

Once you have the necessary equipment, try to brush your teeth at least twice a day. Make sure you are dedicated to the process and sweep any plaque or deposit. The experts suggest using a water flosser since high pressure can help get any plaque out from tricky places. If that doesn’t work, the next step in how to remove tartar from teeth is to schedule an appointment with your dentist. A dental professional will use advanced equipment and suggest the best course of action for your specific situation.

Is It OK to Scrape Tartar Off Your Teeth?

You might be tempted to buy a plaque scraper and use it at home. However, that’s a huge risk since you can damage your teeth easily. It’s better to let a pro do the thing they are licensed and skilled for.

A dental professional will use tooth scaling to scrape your tooth surface. This deep cleaning will help deal with black stuff on teeth near gums. If necessary, the dentist will even go with root planning to clean below the gumline.

How to Prevent Tartar on Your Teeth

Prevention is the best medication, which applies to dealing with tartar. If you deal with the plaque, you won’t be at risk for tartar development.

The following are the best guidelines to follow to prevent calculus from appearing:

  • Brush and floss regularly. The experts suggest brushing in the morning and before you head to sleep. It’s mandatory to use high-quality toothpaste and brush your teeth for at least two minutes per session. As for flossing, once a day should be enough. Choose a water flosser along with the classic floss for better effectiveness.
  • Pay attention to what you eat. The first rule is to limit the sugar intake but avoid sticky and highly-processed foods, too. Additionally, try not to drink sodas and other sugary beverages.
  • Adjust your lifestyle. If you smoke or drink alcohol, try to limit those two habits as much as possible. Regular exercise and boosting your overall health can assist in avoiding oral health issues.


Tartar or calculus is black discoloration on your teeth. It looks ugly and ruins your perfect smile. It could also develop into a more serious oral health issue, and it’s vital to deal with it in time. You can try brushing and flossing, but if the black discoloration seems persistent, it’s wise to contact your dentist. Schedule an appointment to receive deep cleaning and consult on the best course of action to improve your oral health!

infection after tooth extraction

Infection After Tooth Extraction: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Even though your tooth extraction is simple and straightforward, complications are still possible.

Since wisdom tooth extraction is the most common dental surgery procedure, millions of people each year experience some form of complications or discomfort afterward. In most cases, this is entirely natural. Of course, getting a tooth removed from your mouth is a significant procedure, and it will take your body some time to recover.

However, if you notice an abnormal amount of pain in the days and weeks after your extraction, there is a chance that you may have developed an infection after tooth extraction. So, what exactly does an infection after tooth extraction look/feel like, and how do you know when it’s time to go and see your dentist?

How Do I Know If a Tooth Is Infected After Extraction?

For the most part, an infected tooth after extraction will make itself known in one way or another. You don’t have to worry about an infection going under the radar since you will almost certainly develop symptoms that will make the state of infection obvious to you.

So how do these infections develop in the first place? Well, an infected tooth after extraction usually occurs when bacteria can access the region where the tooth used to be. Once the bacteria enter the bloodstream, the infection begins. From there, the body will start to fight off the infection with various methods, including fever, swelling, and the build-up of pus. In almost all situations, this infection will cause intense pain that will continue to escalate until the infection is treated. Here is a quick checklist of the main indications of an infected socket after tooth extraction:

  • Escalating pain
  • Continuous bleeding
  • Bad breath
  • Discharge/pus

Interestingly, one of the most prevalent reasons for a tooth extraction infection is smoking too soon after the treatment or using any other oral tobacco products. That’s because smoking makes it much more difficult for the body to fight off an infection, and it also increases the likelihood of loosening the blood clot that forms in your mouth. As a result, try to refrain from smoking while you are recovering if you want to avoid picking up an infection after tooth extraction.

How To Get Rid of Infection After Tooth Extraction

Whether you’ve picked up an infected wisdom tooth extraction or you think you’ve picked up an infection from regular tooth removal, you probably want to know what the next steps are. First and foremost, head straight to your dentist as soon as possible so you can get the wound inspected and passed by a professional. Infections are a serious medical condition, and if they are left unchecked, they can cause severe complications. The sooner you start the treatment, the less traumatic and invasive it will be. If there is an infection present, the dentist will clean the area and likely prescribe a course of antibiotics for you to take at home.

How Long Does it Take For an Infected Tooth After Extraction To Heal?

This all depends on the severity of the infection. For most regular extractions, you should be fully healed within one to two weeks, but an infection will delay this process.

Another thing to take into consideration is the reason for the tooth extraction and where it was located. For example, if you had a tooth removed because of an abscess, you need to wait to see what happens to the abscess after tooth extraction and if it has been successfully removed.

What if my tooth is infected?

Sometimes, an infection can spread to your other teeth if the bacteria manage to get inside through a chip, crack, or cavity. So, can a dentist pull an infected tooth? The short answer is yes, of course – but it is not the first course of action.

In most cases, the dentist will do everything they can to save the infected tooth, with extraction acting as a last resort. Before that happens, the dentist will usually try to drain the infection or perform a root canal. So the answer to can you pull an infected tooth is yes, but this will only be the treatment if all else fails.

The bottom line

Picking up an infection after a tooth extraction is not exactly the most comfortable of experiences, but it is easily treatable if you take action promptly. If you notice any of the obvious symptoms such as excessive and escalating pain, continuous bleeding, bad breath, and pus/discharge, then make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible so they can assess your situation and start your treatment.

sedation-dentistry las vegas

Dry Socket Vs. Normal Socket: What Are The Differences?

Dry socket, otherwise known as alveolar osteitis, is inflammation of the alveolar bone. This typically occurs as a complication of tooth extraction and can be very painful due to the bone and nerves becoming exposed. So, what does a dry socket look like, and are there any major differences between a dry socket vs normal socket? Let’s find out.

How To Know If You Have a Dry Socket?

After tooth extraction, you will have an empty socket where the old tooth and its root would have been. If your wound is healing as it should, the empty socket should begin to heal on its own while your pain starts to decrease with each passing day.

However, the main difference between a dry socket vs normal is that your pain level will begin to escalate as time goes on. You may experience throbbing that spreads across your jaw, all the way up to your ear.

So, what does a dry socket look like, and what are some of the main symptoms?

  • Increasing pain
  • Visible bone or tissue upon inspection
  • Bad taste
  • Extreme sensitivity
  • Bad breath
  • No blood clot in the empty socket

How Do Dry Sockets Occur?

After tooth extraction, e.g. wisdom tooth removal there is going to be a large hole left in your mouth that your body needs to heal. In response, the body creates inflammation which causes swelling around the area. Platelets clump together and form a blood clot, which is the body’s method for protecting the wound and sealing it shut.

However, the situation is a bit different when looking at dry socket vs normal, since this means that the body hasn’t healed correctly. What does dry socket look like in these cases, and what causes this to happen?

Well, there are a few factors that increase the likelihood of developing a dry socket, such as

  • putting too much pressure on the wound (and dislodging the clot),
  • smoking,
  • if you already had a preexisting infection before the surgery took place.

Treatment For Dry Socket

Let’s say the worst has happened and you have been unfortunate enough to develop a dry socket. What are some of the ways you would treat a dry socket vs a normal socket? The American Dental Association advises going to the dentist to control signs. First things first, if you feel as though the clot has become dislodged or if you are in a lot of pain, you need to revisit your dentist and seek expert advice.

In most cases, the dentist will flush out the socket with a saline solution to clean the area and prevent infection from spreading. Next, they will slowly pack the socket with a medicated dressing that will control the pain while encouraging the body to form another cloth and heal correctly. Once the dressing is in place you will usually have to return to the dentist once every 2-3 days to change the dressing, have the wound cleaned, and have the dentist inspect the socket to see how well it is healing. Throughout this time you may be prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to assist the healing process.

When Can You Stop Worrying About Dry Socket?

If you’re wondering when can I stop worrying about dry sockets, you can probably count yourself safe once you hit five days after the surgery. The risk of dry socket reduces over time, so the more chance the wound has to heal, the more likely it is that you just have a normal socket after tooth extraction.

For example, if you can see a healthy wisdom tooth blood clot forming in your wound and it’s been five or more days, you can safely assume that you’re out of the woods and you have healed correctly.

How Do You Tell If You Have a Dry Socket or Just Pain?

The first thing to monitor is your pain. Now, it’s important to bear in mind that it is completely normal for you to feel some level of pain after tooth extraction. After all, having a tooth pulled from your mouth is a traumatic experience for most people, and it will usually necessitate that you take painkillers for at least a few days after the surgery is complete.

However, if you notice that your pain levels are continuing to rise after 2-3 days and you feel your mouth becoming more sensitive, then there is a strong chance you have developed a dry socket. With that said, pain tolerances vary quite significantly from person to person, and there are some rare cases of people developing dry socket without feeling and strong sensations of pain.

Yet, the good news is that if you can tolerate the pain, there is no need to seek treatment as the body will heal on its own. Just be sure to keep an eye on the wound so you can ensure that no infections are taking hold. Some of the key markers of infection include discoloration, pus coming from the socket, and a bad smell.


Hopefully, by now you have a good understanding of the differences between a dry socket vs normal socket, as well as some of the main things to look out for after you have undergone tooth extraction. Remember, the main symptom that you will experience if you do develop a dry socket is an increasing level of pain despite several days that have passed since your surgery. Therefore, it’s a good idea to keep track of your pain (maybe with a journal), so you can record whether or not you are feeling better or if you need to contact the dentist to get your wound seen.




All-On-Four Dental Implants in Summerlin, Las Vegas

How Long Do Veneers Last On Teeth? Porcelain and Composite

Whether you have already had veneers fitted, or if you are considering getting some fitted in the near future, you are probably wondering how long do veneers last.

After all, veneers are not the relatively affordable dental procedure you can undertake, so you need to be sure that you know what you are getting yourself in for before you sign on the dotted line.

What Is The Difference Between Composite and Porcelain Veneers?

There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and porcelain. While both of these materials are used to achieve the same effect, there are some important differences you need to be aware of.

So, how do veneers work that are made from porcelain? Well, porcelain veneers are thin shells that are adhered to the outer surface of the tooth, somewhat similar to false nails.

On the other hand, composite veneers are made up of engineered resin that is affixed to the outer surface. In general, porcelain veneers are usually preferred as they are stronger, more robust, and don’t stain as much as composite.

Dental clinic. Reception, examination of the patient. Teeth careHow Often Do Veneers Need To Be Replaced?

Are veneers permanent? The unfortunate answer to this question is no. There are a number of factors that you need to consider before you can come up with a solid answer.

First of all, your veneers are just like your natural teeth – meaning that they need to be properly cleaned and maintained; otherwise, they will stain and become damaged. On top of this, porcelain is glass, which means it can be shattered with excessive pressure.

With this in mind, porcelain veneers typically last anywhere from 10 to 30 years, depending on how well you look after them. So, how long do veneers last that are made from composite? In these cases, you are probably looking at around 4-8 years since composite is a lot weaker and therefore more prone to damage.

When Are Dental Veneers Used?

Dental veneers are generally used to treat a number of cosmetic issues, such as chipped, discolored, broken, or misshapen teeth. Some people just get one veneer, but the vast majority get at least eight (four on the top and four on the bottom), so they can achieve an even symmetrical smile.

The Benefits of Veneers

So why do people get veneers? Well, as it turns out, there are quite a few benefits to be had from getting them fitted, including:

● A more aesthetic smile
● Covers cosmetic issues
● Prevent tooth discoloration (e.g. white spots on teeth)
● They are low maintenance
● Can increase confidence in your smile
● Protect the underlying teeth

What Can Affect The Lifespan of Veneers?

First of all, tobacco products and smoking, in general, will turn your teeth yellow just as they would your natural teeth. This will begin to affect the aesthetics of your teeth quite quickly, so make sure you avoid smoking if possible.

In addition to this, dark-colored food and beverages will stain teeth, such as wine, tea, coffee, and some sauces. Moderation is key here, as well as remembering to brush after each meal.

Using your veneers as tools is also another culprit of cutting the lifespan of your veneers short. If you use your teeth for opening bottles, biting nails, and so on, they can easily crack under pressure and become damaged.

The bottom line

The short answer to how long veneers last is somewhere between 10-30 years. However, this all depends on the materials that are used to make your veneers, as well as how mindful you can be of your teeth and how well you take care of them with things such as conducting regular oral hygiene.

One of the greatest methods to ensure that your dental veneers stay as long as possible is to rely on a knowledgeable and competent dentist you can trust. At Stephen Spelman DDS Dental center, we take extra care of each and every one of our patients to guarantee that you enjoy your new smile from the moment you see it. Dental veneers are an investment in yourself, so don’t try to save money by not having them professionally installed. Contact us now to schedule a veneer consultation appointment.

should you rinse after brushing teeth

Should You Be Rinsing Your Mouth With Water After Brushing?

The question of whether or not you should rinse after brushing really depends on your preference. Whilst there have been studies on the impact of rinsing, the results only indicate that there might be an advantage of one over the other.

However, the unfortunate truth is that many people are carrying out their daily oral hygiene routines incorrectly, which could be damaging their teeth and leading them to have a variety of issues later down the road.

Rinsing after brushingArgument On Why You Should Rinse Your Mouth

The reason why there is contention in the first place is because of the main ingredient that is present in your toothpaste: fluoride. The reason that dentists tell you to brush for two minutes is so that it gives the toothpaste and the fluoride enough time to work properly.

However, the vast majority of people don’t spend the full two minutes brushing their teeth, which means that when they rinse, they are also rinsing away the fluoride before it has been given enough time to clean their teeth effectively.

As you know, once you have brushed your teeth, your mouth is usually pretty foamy and full of toothpaste. Once you spit it out, you can still taste the fluoride in your mouth, which is not exactly the most pleasant of experiences.

How Long Should You Wait to Rinse After Brushing?

If you want to be on the safe side, then you should wait at least twenty minutes before rinsing your mouth after brushing. This gives the fluoride more time to work, which means you have a better chance at cleaning them and preventing tooth decay.

Should you rinse after brushing teeth using mouthwash or just water? Once again, this all depends. However, if you are going to use mouthwash, then it’s best to wait a little bit longer before rinsing.

Argument On Why You Shouldn’t Rinse Your Mouth Out With Water

If you do not rinse your teeth, then it gives the fluoride more chance to get to work at cleaning your teeth and gums, which means that you will have better oral hygiene and prevent the unwanted build-up of plaque.

Can I use mouthwash after wisdom tooth extraction, and should you rinse after brushing teeth in these instances? In short, you should probably avoid rinsing as often in these circumstances as you want to keep your mouth as clean as possible so it can heal correctly. Of course, it is important to rinse sometimes, but don’t overdo it.


So, do you rinse after brushing? After reading this article, you may want to rethink your brushing habits by waiting to rinse your teeth for a few minutes so that you can make sure you leave ample time for the fluoride to do its job. By now, most dentists are pretty clear when asked the question, “are you supposed to rinse after brushing?” And that answer is…no.

You can also ask your dentist for more advice – you can contact us and we’ll be happy to assist in any way we can.


black holes on tooth

Black Spot on Tooth: What Does That Dark Spot Mean?

It is not uncommon for people, even regular brushers, to experience tooth discoloration. Drinking wine can turn your teeth purple, while caffeine can turn them yellow. These are not a cause for concern. However, if you have a black spot on tooth, that may indicate a deeper problem that needs to be addressed. Whatever the case may be, this article will give you all the information you need to know about what the spot is and what you can do about it.

Does a Black Spot on a Tooth Mean a Cavity?

Cavities can undoubtedly cause a black spot on tooth to form. Poor dental hygiene habits like brushing and flossing can lead to food and bacteria building up on your teeth, which creates a substance called plaque. Left to its own devices, plaque eats away at your enamel and opens the door for cavities to form. From there, you may start to see a black dot on the tooth.

Why Do I Have a Black or Dark Spot on My Teeth?

There are several potential causes of black spots on teeth. So, don’t automatically think you have a cavity because you looked in the mirror one morning and noticed a black spot on your gums. Here are a few potential causes of your issue:

  • Tooth injury can result in a black spot on the tooth appearing.
  • Tartar buildup on the tooth in question.
  • A condition called fluorosis, caused by excessive fluoride intake may be responsible for a black dot on the tooth.
  • Staining can also be responsible for the discoloration of your teeth.

How Can I Avoid More Black Dots on My Teeth?Girl Using Floss Cleaning Teeth Standing Over Gray Background, Studio

If you are worried that your habits may cause more brown spots on your teeth, there are a few things you can do to make sure it never happens again. You need to promise yourself that you will commit to a stringent dental hygiene regimen and treat your teeth as you treat someone you love.

Brush and floss your teeth. The most basic advice is often the best advice. Every time you go to the dentist, they tell you repeatedly to brush and floss your teeth. They are not just saying that as a catchphrase. Brushing your teeth drastically reduces the chance of plaque buildup on your teeth. Flossing goes a step further by eliminating that possibility. And the whole process takes less than five minutes.

If you have the money and don’t want to commit to any dental hygiene plan, consider getting porcelain veneers. Veneers permanently bond to your teeth and act as a type of shell. If you go this route, you will protect your teeth, and you won’t find yourself searching “black spot on teeth how to remove” on the internet any time soon.

How Can I Get Rid of a Black Spot on my Molar Teeth?

The first thing you will want to do is visit your dentist to get an assessment by a professional. They will tell you what’s going on and what you need to do to fix the problem. Let’s go over some of the potential directions the dentist will take you.

If you have a cavity, you will be looking at some dental work. Typically, you will need to undergo procedures like fillings, root canals, or crowns. There is no need to worry about these as they are very common, and the success rate is exceptionally high.

Black marks on teeth caused by tartar are a bit different. Procedures such as dental prophylaxis or periodontal treatment may eliminate tartar buildup and aid with discoloration.

If, on the other hand, you don’t have a cavity, and the black stuff on teeth near gums is a result of staining, then teeth whitening will serve you well

The Bottom Line

If you notice a black dot on the tooth, you may have a severe issue. However, it could be something as simple as staining on your teeth. So do the responsible thing and book an appointment with your dentist. From there, they might tell you that you need to undergo a procedure to save your tooth or send you on your way. Either way, there are ample resources at your disposal to solve the problems you are experiencing with your teeth in this day and age.



tooth pain in pregnancy

Tooth Pain In Pregnancy: What You Can Do About It

During pregnancy, women are exposed to a multitude of new experiences throughout the duration of their term, some of which can be uncomfortable and even painful. However, aside from the most obvious side effects, such as morning sickness, inflammation, and hormone changes, some women experience unbearable tooth pain while pregnant. Although it’s important to note that experiencing is relatively common, there is no need to panic.

In this article, we are going to discuss what you can do if you experience tooth pain in pregnancy, as well as some of our recommendations for what to use for toothache during pregnancy so you can be sure that both you and your baby are safe.

Common Oral Problems During Pregnancy

As mentioned, tooth pain in pregnancy pregnant is not uncommon, but that doesn’t mean it is something that should be ignored. In fact, being pregnant can increase your risk of oral health problems due to a wide number of factors, such as increased hormone levels (progesterone and estrogen), changes in eating habits, brushing and flossing habits changing, and so on.

  • Some pregnant women experience something called pregnancy thrush, which is caused by a yeast overgrowth of the tongue and along the inside of the cheeks. The best way to spot if you have pregnancy thrush is by looking out for milky white patches on the inside of your mouth.
  • Another common condition is swollen gums, which is another issue that you can thank your hormones for. Hormonal changes stimulate blood flow to sensitive areas in your mouth, which can give the uncomfortable experience of having a sensitive teeth pregnancy.
  • Another common cause of pregnant tooth pain is your wisdom teeth, which have been known to act up while you are carrying a baby. This is usually brought on by increased blood flow and hormone changes. So, can you get your wisdom teeth removed while pregnant? Fortunately, yes. Wisdom teeth extractions can be performed during pregnancy, although the preferred time period is during the second trimester.

Tooth pain in pregnancyCauses of Tooth Pain in Pregnancy

Toothache during pregnancy can be caused by many different things. Since your body is undergoing a lot of changes, sometimes unusual side effects occur that can be hard to explain. With that said, here are some of the most common explanations:

A buildup of plaque

While pregnant, your body sometimes changes its natural response to highlighting plaque. If your body decides to stop fighting it off as it normally does, then this plaque can begin to accumulate on your teeth and gums, which can cause tooth decay. In turn, this can lead to cavities and a wide range of unwanted oral issues.

Morning sickness

Believe it or not, tooth pain while pregnant can sometimes be put down to morning sickness. If your morning sickness causes you to vomit, the acid from your stomach can burn and damage your teeth, destroying the enamel. This exposes them to bacteria and can lead to further problems, such as swollen gums during pregnancy and tooth decay.

Gum disease

An estimated 75% of pregnant women suffer from gum disease while pregnant, which is known as pregnancy gingivitis. This can lead to periodontal disease, which is a serious condition that needs to be treated by a dentist.

Treatments for Tooth Pain When Pregnant

  • If you have unbearable tooth pain in pregnancy, the first and most important step you need to take is to go and see your dentist. They will check you over and make sure nothing sinister is going on with regard to your oral issues.
  • Secondly, the best treatment is to stay on top of your oral hygiene. This means regular brushing, flossing, and rinsing with mouthwash to keep plaque at bay and bacteria to a minimum.
  • Finally, try to stay away from very hot/cold foods since you will likely experience increased sensitivity during your pregnancy.

Tooth pain Prevention While Pregnant

As mentioned, prevention is better than the cure here. With this in mind, try to increase the frequency of your oral hygiene routine.

In addition to this, make sure you rinse out of your mouth after brushing or drink water after vomiting to get rid of any excess stomach acid that could be damaging your teeth.

Lastly, limit sugary foods and carbohydrates and try to eat a natural, clean, and balanced diet. Not only is this best for your teeth, but it is also what’s best for your baby.

Going to the Dentist During Pregnancy

Now that you know that pregnancy can make your wisdom tooth pain unbearable, as well as a wide variety of oral issues such as swollen gums and infection, you need to be prepared for visiting the dentist during your pregnancy. Many women make the mistake of thinking that it’s okay to skip their dental appointments once they are pregnant, but that is simply not true. Not only is it safe for you to visit the dentist and have procedures done, but it’s also the best thing for you to do for both you and your child.

The need for teeth removal during pregnancy is an occurrence that many women have encountered. So if you are experiencing any pain, please contact us right away to keep your teeth in good shape at any stage of life.


6 Common Signs and Symptoms of a Tooth Cavity

Cavities are one of the most common dental problems of all. In fact, statistics show that 9 in 10 people will have at least one cavity at some stage, and many people have several cavities over the course of their lives. But what do cavities look like on teeth and how to know if you have a cavity? Read on for all the information you need about cavity appearance and signs you have a cavity.

What Do Cavities Look Like?

One of the most common questions people have about cavities is what do they look like? Well, the truth is that one cavity can look very different from the next. They can have different sizes and appearances. In general, they look like little holes or chips in the teeth.

They may also appear to be dark spots on the teeth, and they can vary in size, from a tiny hole in a tooth that is barely visible to a deep cavity that is almost as big as the tooth itself. Some cavities are so small that they can’t be seen with the naked eye, so you could have cavities without actually seeing them.


Image by prostooleh

What Is a Cavity?

So what exactly is a cavity? Well, in the simplest terms, a cavity is a hole in your tooth. You can get cavities all around the mouth, in any of your teeth, and it’s also possible to have a cavity between teeth, too. They’re a sign of tooth decay, and rotten teeth often have many cavities.

What Causes Cavities?

How do cavities form in the first place? Well, teeth are pretty strong and naturally resistant, but they can’t stay that way forever. They get exposed to all kinds of things in the foods you eat and drinks you consume, and over time, the strong enamel coating that covers your teeth starts to wear away. 

The acid in food is particularly harmful to this enamel coating, so if you eat lots of acidic foods, the coating will break down and your teeth will have less protection. In addition, bacteria in your mouth can feed on sugary foods, creating even more acids that build up in plaque around the teeth.

As the tooth decay stages continue, the enamel is broken down and white spots on your teeth can appear. If the damage is allowed to get worse without the enamel having time to repair itself, an early cavity can start to form, growing bigger and bigger over time.

How to Tell if You Have a Cavity

Cavities are not nice to have, and it’s best to get them treated professionally as soon as you spot the signs. Otherwise, you could find yourself dealing with a decayed tooth and even bigger problems. Fortunately, there are quite a few warning signs that may appear to let you know when you have a cavity. Here are a few of the most common signs.

  • Toothache

A very common sign of cavities is a toothache. You might notice a dull pain in your mouth or even through the sides of your face, leading up to your head, depending on the size and depth of the cavity in question.

  • Swelling or bleeding gums

Your gums can also suffer due to cavities, too. They can swell up and start to bleed. So, if you experience any pain, inflammation, or bleeding from the gums, it’s possible that you have a cavity that needs to be treated right away.

  • Sensitivity

Many people with cavities find that their teeth become more sensitive, as the delicate nerve endings are exposed. You may therefore experience pain or discomfort when eating hot foods or drinking something that is very cold.

  • Discolored or dark spots on a tooth 

Another way to spot cavities is to take a look at your teeth in the mirror, or with the help of a friend or family member. As stated earlier, cavities often appear as dark spots on the teeth. They may be yellow, brown, or black in color.

  • Hole in the tooth

One of the most obvious signs of a cavity is when you can clearly see it as a hole in one of your teeth. Often, you will experience other signs, like pain and sensitivity, before actually being able to see a cavity in this way.

  • Bad breath

Bad breath may also be linked to cavities and tooth decay. As teeth decay and rot away due to acid, bacteria, and plaque, it’s common for unpleasant odors to start appearing. This can result in not very fresh breath.

How to Prevent Cavities

There are several steps you can take to keep cavities at bay. Here are a few simple tips to follow: 

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with a good quality toothpaste – ideally one that contains fluoride for cavity prevention. 
  • Floss teeth regularly after meals or in the evenings to get rid of any trapped or stuck food in between your teeth. 
  • Try to eat a balanced diet and avoid foods that are excessively sugary or acidic in high quantities. 
  • Get regular check-ups with your local dentist.

How Are Cavities Treated

If you get a cavity, it’s important to have it treated at your dentist. Cavities won’t simply heal themselves or go away on their own, and they can get bigger and lead to more severe tooth decay if left untreated. This can lead to severe toothache and discomfort, but your dentist will be able to treat the cavity. They may use different methods, depending on the depth and size of the cavity and the general health of the tooth in question. 

  • Fillings – Often, if cavities are spotted early on, they can be filled with a composite material, metal, or porcelain filling. 
  • Crowns – If the tooth decay is already quite severe, the dentist may remove the damaged section of the tooth and create a crown to cover up the damage. 
  • Root Canal – In the most serious cases, when the root of the tooth is dead or damaged, the entire nerve, blood vessels, and the decayed tooth will need to be removed and sealed up in a procedure known as a root canal.

To avoid dental cavities, practice good oral hygiene and notify your dentist if you experience any symptoms. The sooner you detect a cavity, the more likely it is that you will only require a dental filling rather than a more invasive procedure.

Our top priority is your dental health. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or believe you have a cavity, please contact us right away to schedule an appointment.

halloween dental

Dental Tips for a Healthy Halloween

While most of us consider Halloween to be one of the most fun times of the year, it doesn’t mean it’s a good enough reason to abuse your teeth. Maintaining excellent oral health is, after all, a vital aspect of our general health. So, unless you want to go to a dentist’s Halloween party this year, you must stay mindful of your sweet consumption. At our dental office, we’re all for indulging, but we also want to make sure you’re enjoying a healthy Halloween. Whether you have a sweet tooth or are searching for guidance on how to keep your child’s mouth cavity-free during Halloween, here are 9 recommendations for keeping teeth healthy.

dentist Halloween

Time To Eat Halloween Candies 

If you want to give yourself the best chance to save your teeth, you must time your treats accordingly. Interestingly, eating candy during (or shortly after) mealtime helps digestion as your saliva production is already high. This helps break down the candy quicker while it is in your mouth, minimizing any chance of decay and plaque build-up. 

1. Limit Family Candy Consumption 

If you want your kids to limit their candy intake, you will have to play by the same rules. Suppose you all collectively make a promise not to consume large quantities as a family. In that case, you can all hold each other accountable and help to prevent a family dentist Halloween trip.

2. Stay Away From Sweet Snacks 

Snacking on any sort of candy treat will increase your risk of a Halloween dental mishap, but even more so if you prefer to snack on the sweet stuff. After all, sweet snacks are usually jam-packed with sugar, which, as you know, can be extremely harmful to your teeth and can cause cavities. 

3. Steer Clear Of Sticky Or Chewy Candy 

Sticky candy such as caramel, taffy, and gummy bears are notorious for causing dental issues, so do what you can to steer clear of them. The problem with these treats is that they cling to your teeth and are difficult to clean when brushing, meaning that the sugar has a longer amount of time to break down your enamel. 

4. Avoid Anything Sour 

The acidity of sour candies can cause serious harm to the enamel of your teeth. For those of you who don’t know, the enamel is the tooth’s hard outer covering protecting it. Unfortunately, enamel can actually start to disintegrate almost immediately after eating acidic food, so be aware of this if you want the Halloween dental blues.

5. Choose Sugar-Free Gums 

The more you can limit your sugar consumption, the better. If you are going to opt for some candies, then why not go for sugar-free gums? They taste great and don’t damage your teeth – plus, they are usually very low in calories, so your waistline will thank you too!

6. Reduce Sugary Drinks 

For the same reason listed above, sugary drinks are the enemy of good dental health. Drinking excessive amounts of sugary beverages such as soda, fruit drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks is a sure-fire way to book a dentist Halloween trip.

7. Drink More Water 

Water helps to clean your teeth and gums, washing away any residue left behind from consuming candy. 

8. Brush And Floss Teeth Soon After Eating Candy

This one is kind of a no-brainer, but you should try your best to brush your teeth after eating candies – especially if you eat sticky candy. As for flossing, decay-causing bacteria gets stuck between the teeth where toothbrush bristles can’t reach, which is why flossing is essential after eating large quantities of candies. 

As they say: “good things come to those who floss –  like healthy teeth & gums!”

9. Eat Dinner Before Trick-Or-Treating 

Just as you should never go to the supermarket when you’re hungry, you should try to avoid going trick-or-treating with an empty stomach. Of course, when you’re hungry, you will be more likely to say yes to any candy that you’re offered, which means you’re increasing the chances of the dreaded Halloween dental trip.

Consider Dentist-Approved Healthy Alternatives To Halloween Candy 

Not all Halloween treats have to harm your teeth, so why not start the trend of a healthy alternative to the sugary candies that people typically give out? Some examples of dentist Halloween-approved treats include pretzels, granola bars, cheese, sugar-free candy, nuts, and seeds. 

Does Halloween Cause Cavities? 

Of course not! Halloween itself doesn’t cause cavities. Whether or not this year’s events will end up being a Halloween dental disaster is all down to you. Try to stay in control of what you and your children consume, and make an effort to limit the number of sugary foods you eat. While it can be difficult to say no when there are so many tasty options around, your teeth will certainly thank you for it later down the line.


So, there you have it. While Halloween is one of the most exciting times of the year (especially for children), you must remain responsible and set a good example by not consuming too many sugary treats. Fortunately, you don’t need to miss out on all the fun as there are tons of dental-friendly alternatives out there. Just make sure you have the self-discipline to swap out the taffy for a sugar-free treat, and you’ll be good to go!

To arrange dental cleanings and exams for the entire family, call our office today. Both are essential for preventing tooth decay, gum disease, and other essential issues.

Thanks for reading and Happy Halloween!