tooth sensitive to cold

Why Is My Tooth Sensitive to Cold, Hot, or Sweets?

Have you ever bitten into something, a cupcake, ice cream, or taken a sip of hot coffee only to experience a sharp pain in your tooth? Sensitivities to hot, cold, or sweet foods or drinks indicate that you may have a cracked, decaying, or infected tooth. Luckily, these are easily fixed with a trip to the dentist. So, let’s take a closer look at what makes a tooth sensitive to cold, hot, or sweet foods.

Why is my tooth sensitive to hot and cold?

While the most common reason for a tooth being sensitive to hot and cold is a cavity, there are several other explanations for this discomfort. So, let’s look.

  • Symptoms of Sensitive Teeth

If you experience a quick, sharp pain while consuming something cold, hot, or sweet, or while flossing or brushing your teeth, you have teeth sensitivity and may contact our professionals to get help. However, not all tooth sensitivity is the same. Some may feel pain occasionally, while others may experience discomfort each time they eat. Either way, it is essential to understand first what is causing the sensitivity.

  • Causes of Tooth Sensitivity to Cold and Heat

There are several reasons you may be experiencing a tooth sensitive to cold or teeth that hurt when eating sweets. First, you may have a cavity, or another form of tooth decay, such as a fractured tooth, the beginnings of a cavity that shows up as a black spot on your tooth, worn-down enamel, fillings that need repair, or gum disease.

Individuals with healthy teeth have protective layers such as a coating outside the tooth called tooth enamel and cementum, which guards the tooth’s roots under the gum. These layers defend against bacteria and shield the nerves in your teeth and gums found in the Dentin of the tooth from acid or foods of different temperatures.

If you wear down these layers, you expose the Dentin or nerve center of the tooth, which then sends out a sharp pain if it comes into contact with hot, cold, or sweet foods.

  • Does Cold Sensitivity Mean Root Canal?

Because there are different tooth decay stages, having a tooth sensitive to cold or a tooth sensitive to cold water does not automatically mean you’ll need a root canal. Typically the dentist will recommend other treatments first.

  • Can Tooth Sensitivity Go Away?

Depending on the cause of your tooth sensitivity, your dentist can prescribe oral care or perform dental procedures to prevent further sensitivity and alleviate the pain.

tooth sensitive to cold but not hot

Common Reasons a Tooth Is Sensitive To Cold

You may feel a sharp pain in your mouth when you consume something cold like ice cream or ice water. Below are a few reasons why your tooth is sensitive to cold but not hot foods.

  • Receding Gums

Exposure to the tooth’s inner nerve can lead to cold sensitivities, which is why your tooth will hurt when drinking cold water. As a result, individuals with receding gums that expose tooth roots are more likely to have cold sensitivities.

  • Overzealous Product Use

Brushing too vigorously or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can lead to the removal of enamel or cause receding gums.

  • Grinding Teeth and Stress

Individuals under stress tend to clench or grind their teeth. Besides wearing your teeth and enamel down, this can cause fractures, leading to sensitivity.

  • Cracks in Teeth

Cracks in your teeth can result from grinding or biting down on something hard. The fissure then creates a way for the cold to reach the tooth root, leading to cold sensitivities.

  • Exposed Nerve Roots

Exposed root nerves occur due to worn down enamel or receding gums and are more sensitive to cold items.

Common Reasons a Tooth Is Sensitive to Heat

Having one tooth sensitive to cold is common, as is having your teeth hurt when eating sweets. However, having your teeth sensitive to hot foods or drinks is a little more concerning.

Tooth Decay or Gum Disease

While having a tooth sensitive to cold could signify gum disease or cavities, a tooth sensitive to hot things could indicate that the nerve inside the tooth is going bad or is dying and forming an abscess.

teeth hurt when eating sweets

How To Treat Sensitive Teeth

There are several ways to treat and prevent sensitive teeth, so let’s look:

  • How To Prevent Enamel Damage & Receding Gums

You can easily prevent enamel damage and receding gums by brushing gently with a toothbrush with soft bristles. This way, you can clean and protect your teeth without removing enamel and raising your gum line to expose your roots.

  • How Dentists Can Help With Dental Sensitivity

Dentists help in several ways in combating dental sensitivity. For example, they may clean your teeth with fluoride gel that helps fight cavity-causing bacteria and strengthen tooth enamel. Alternatively, the dentist may perform a gum graft to cover the exposed area and reduce sensitivity if tooth roots are exposed. Lastly, they may perform a root canal if your root nerve is infected.

  • At-Home Tooth Sensitivity Solutions

You can prevent tooth sensitivity at home by changing your diet and avoiding sugary or acidic foods, like orange juice. Additionally, brushing your teeth twice daily, flossing regularly, and chewing sugar-free gum after each meal will help.

How To Stop Sensitive Teeth Pain Immediately?

The best way to stop pain caused by sensitivity caused by a tooth sensitive to cold, hot, or sweet treats, is to visit your dentist. However, if you don’t have an oral hygienist, we recommend our dentist for US clients, Summerlin Dentist, for expert oral care.

tooth decay treatment

What to Know About Tooth Decay Stages

What Is Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay is damage to your teeth that can cause cavities, abscesses, tooth loss, and other oral and dental problems. Tooth decay is caused by acids excreted by several varieties of bacteria that can live in dental plaque. These bacteria survive in your mouth by consuming sugars from the food you eat. When the bacteria consume sugar, they convert it into a range of acids that corrode your teeth.

Tooth decay is more common in children than adults because baby teeth have a thinner layer of enamel.

The 5 Stages of Tooth Decay and How to Treat Them

Initial demineralization

Your teeth are protected by an outer layer of a very hard material called enamel. Enamel is composed primarily of various minerals. The acids produced by the bacteria in plaque remove these minerals from the enamel. This can cause a white spot to appear on the affected tooth, which is often the first sign of tooth decay.

This tooth decay stage can be halted before the situation gets worse. Fluoride strengthens the tooth enamel, helping it resist corrosion by bacterial acids. Fluoride is found in many kinds of toothpaste and most tap water supplies. You can also get a fluoride treatment from a dentist, which is applied to your teeth as a gel or varnish.

Enamel decay

If the first tooth decay stage goes untreated, the enamel will continue to break down. This can cause white spots on your teeth to start darkening to a brown color.

As the enamel breaks down, it becomes weaker. As a result of this weakening, small holes in your teeth, called cavities, can start to appear.

Cavities can be filled by a dentist. When you get a filling, the dentist will remove the decayed part of the tooth and fill the hole with a hard material that matches the color of your tooth.

early-stage tooth decay


Dentin decay

The third tooth decay stage affects dentin. Dentin is the tissue inside your tooth under the layer of enamel. Dentin is much softer than enamel and is more easily damaged by bacterial acids. As a result, the rate of tooth decay will speed up once the decay gets through the enamel and reaches the dentin.

Dentin also contains tubes that are connected to the nerves in your teeth. When the dentin is exposed because of tooth decay, your teeth can become more sensitive. Because of this, you may start experiencing pain or discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages.

Dentin decay can also be treated with a filling, like a cavity. However, in more severe cases you may need a crown. This involves removing all of the decayed parts of the tooth before fitting an artificial covering to the visible part of your tooth above the gums.

Pulp damage

The tissue in the innermost layer of a tooth is called the pulp. The pulp contains all of the nerves and blood vessels in the tooth, which are vital for keeping your teeth healthy. They also enable you to feel sensations through your teeth.

When the pulp is damaged by tooth decay, it can become inflamed and put pressure on the nerves, causing pain.

Pulp damage may require a root canal, followed by a crown. A root canal involved removing the infected pulp from inside your tooth, then cleaning and filling the cavity. A crown is then fitted to the tooth.

stages of tooth decay





Once tooth decay has reached the pulp, bacteria can begin to infect the inner pulp tissue. This leads to further inflammation and can cause an abscess to appear at the bottom of the tooth. An abscess is a pocket filled with infected pus.

An abscess can spread into your jawbone and to other parts of your body. They require prompt treatment to avoid further health issues. This may require the tooth to be removed in some cases.

If you have an abscess, you will likely experience a significant amount of pain, not just in the affected tooth but sometimes throughout your entire jaw. You might also experience swelling inside your mouth and around your face and jaw, swollen lymph nodes in your neck, or a fever.
An abscess will be treated with a root canal and covered with a crown, or the tooth may need to be removed entirely to prevent the infection from spreading. You will also need to take antibiotics to fight the infection.

How to Prevent Tooth Decay

Good oral hygiene is vital to prevent tooth decay. Take the following steps to reduce the build-up of bacteria and plaque on your teeth:

  • Brush at least twice a day and after meals with a fluorinated toothpaste
  • Avoid sugary drinks and snacks
  • Drink water throughout the day
  • See a dentist for routine teeth cleaning and oral exams
  • Consider having a sealant applied to your teeth

Keep Your Tooth Decay in Check With our Dentists in Summerlin

Regular dental check-ups will help you maintain better oral health, and give you early warning of the first signs of tooth decay. Treating tooth decay early can prevent further damage to your teeth, and requires less costly measures to treat. Get in touch today to book your next oral exam with one of our Las Vegas dental professionals.

how often should you change your toothbrush

How Often Should You Change Your Toothbrush

How Often Should I Replace My Toothbrush?

Whatever the type of toothbrush you use to clean your teeth, it will become worn and lose its effectiveness as the bristles are damaged by use. This can reduce the amount of plaque that is removed by the toothbrush, impacting your oral hygiene.

To avoid this, you need to replace your toothbrush every 3 or 4 months, or sooner if you notice the bristles becoming frayed.

When Should You Change a Manual Toothbrush?

An ordinary toothbrush should last up to 4 months. However, it may get worn out and frayed before then, reducing its effectiveness at cleaning your teeth. If you notice any signs of wear on your toothbrush, you should replace it.

How often should you change an electric toothbrush head?

Electric toothbrush heads usually have shorter and softer bristles. Because of this, they tend to wear out faster than a manual toothbrush. They can last around 3 months or less. Again, you should replace them sooner if you notice frayed or worn bristles.

replace your toothbrush

What Happens If You Don’t Change Your Toothbrush?


Besides becoming worn and frayed, bristles will also splay outward, losing their original shape. All of these factors contribute to the brush becoming less effective at removing plaque. If plaque is not removed effectively from your mouth, it can cause tooth decay and gum disease.

Furthermore, any bacteria and viruses in your household can be transferred to your toothbrush over time.

How to Properly Care For Your Toothbrush?

It is important to keep your toothbrush clean when you are not using it. To keep your toothbrush hygienic, make sure you thoroughly rinse it with tap water after each use to remove residue and germs. However, don’t wash it with a disinfectant, mouthwash, or hot water. This can cause the spread of germs rather than prevent them.

Additionally, you should never share your toothbrush with anyone else. Everyone has different bacteria in their mouth, and sharing a toothbrush can spread viral and bacterial infections.

 change your electric toothbrush



What’s the Right Way to Store Your Toothbrush

The way that you store your toothbrush can contribute to the development of bacterial and viral growth in the bristles.

Take the following precautions to reduce the risk of this:

  • Don’t share it with other people
  • Don’t store it where it can touch other people’s toothbrushes
  • Thoroughly rinse it after each use to remove residue and germs
  • Don’t store it in an enclosed container, which can encourage mold and bacteria growth

In addition, while your bathroom may be the most convenient place to store your toothbrush, it is often not the most hygienic, especially if your bathroom remains humid for some time after you shower.

Should Children Change Their Toothbrush More Often Than Adults?

Yes. Children’s toothbrushes usually have softer bristles than an adult’s, to avoid irritating their more sensitive gums. Softer bristles can become worn and splayed more quickly. On top of this, young children can be prone to chewing on their toothbrushes and are also more likely to let their toothbrushes make contact with surfaces in the bathroom that may have bacteria on them.

To ensure that your kids are using a sanitary toothbrush, it should be replaced more often, at least as frequently as every 3 months. If you notice any signs of wear or chewing, replace it sooner. It is a good idea to supervise your kids when they brush their teeth to make sure they don’t chew the toothbrush or let it touch bathroom surfaces.

Brushing your teeth is only one part of a healthy oral hygiene routine. Regular dental check-ups are vital to keep your mouth and gums clean and spot any early signs of tooth decay or gum disease before they progress. Get in touch with us today to book a dental check-up at our Summerlin dental care clinic.

best way to whiten teeth

How Professional Teeth Whitening Is Done?

What Is Tooth Whitening?

Tooth whitening covers a range of treatments for your teeth that alter their color. This is typically used to whiten discolored teeth and remove blemishes such as coffee and nicotine stains. A Las Vegas dentist can do teeth whitening as an in-office procedure, and you can also find teeth whitening products sold over the counter in pharmacies. However, these are not as effective as professional teeth whitening treatments.

Professional Whitening Methods

The most common method of teeth whitening involves applying a whitening gel to your teeth while wearing a mouthguard for a period of time. You will need to do this regularly over a course of several weeks. The whitening solution will bleach your teeth whiter over time until they reach the desired shade. However, there are also in-office teeth whitening methods that are much faster.

What is laser teeth whitening?

Laser teeth whitening involves applying a whitening solution to your teeth such as hydrogen peroxide. Once the whitening solution has been painted onto your teeth, the dentist will use a laser to activate it, rapidly bleaching your teeth to the desired shade. This treatment usually takes about an hour. After the procedure, you may be given a fluoride treatment to protect the teeth and ease any sensitivity.

What is Zoom teeth whitening?

Zoom teeth whitening involves a similar process to laser teeth whitening, with the application of a peroxide solution to your teeth followed by a specialized curing light. After the in-office procedure is complete, you will get a kit to use at home that will further enhance and protect your new tooth color.

professional teeth whitening

What are The Benefits of Professional Teeth Whitening?


Your teeth can become discolored for many reasons, and this is not always caused by poor oral health. However, whatever the reason that your teeth are discolored or blemished, this is something that many people can feel self-conscious about. A professional teeth whitening treatment can give you more confidence in your smile.

Additionally, professional teeth whitening procedures typically involve the application of a protective treatment that will protect your teeth from further staining once the treatment is complete.

Is In-Office Whitening Better Than At-home?

Teeth whitening involves applying a bleaching agent inside your mouth. Whatever the treatment you use, this is a procedure best left to the experts. In-office teeth whitening treatments are the best teeth whitening method for a number of reasons.

Mistakes and ineffective products can not only fail to achieve the desired results, but might cause the uneven coloration, or even damage to your mouth and gums.

Because of these factors, in-office whitening has numerous advantages over at-home teeth whitening products that you can buy over the counter. These include:

  • A custom-tailored shade for your teeth, which can give your new teeth color a more natural appearance.
  • The procedure is much faster, and only takes a single appointment instead of weeks of repeat applications.
  • The results last a lot longer than those achieved by the much milder bleaching agents sold over the counter.
  • The bleaching agent is applied carefully and safely by an expert, avoiding damage and irritation to your gums.
  • At-home treatments do not provide customized whitening trays that are molded to your mouth, resulting in a less effective treatment that is more likely to leak bleaching agents into your mouth.
  • You will get the advice and support of a dental expert after the procedure is complete, helping you to protect your newly whitened teeth.

whiten your teeth

How Long Does Professional Teeth Whitening Last?


A professional teeth whitening treatment can last up to 3 years. However, this greatly depends on your diet, lifestyle, and oral hygiene. If you smoke or drink red wine, coffee or tea, these still stain your teeth over time, although a protective treatment will slow this process down.

At-home treatments usually do not last as long, and the whiter appearance may start to disappear after as few as 3 to 6 months after you complete the treatment. Because of the imprecision involved in applying at-home treatments, they can often last for a shorter period of time than this.

What to Expect With Professional Teeth Whitening

Professional teeth whitening is a fairly simple process. First, the dentist will clean and polish your teeth to remove any plaque and provide a clean surface to apply the whitening solution. Then your teeth will be isolated from the rest of your mouth with gauze, ensuring that they remain dry throughout the procedure. The dentist will also use a protective barrier that prevents any other part of your mouth from touching your teeth or getting in the way of the procedure.

Next, the bleaching agent is applied to your teeth. The dentist will use a laser or curing light, depending on the teeth whitening method being used, to activate the bleaching agent. This accelerates the bleaching process. There may be several applications of the bleaching agent and the curing light or laser throughout the treatment.

The whitening process, including curing, takes about an hour. Afterward, you may be given a follow-up kit to finalize the results. In addition, the dentist may also provide a fluoride treatment to strengthen your teeth’ enamel, which can reduce any sensitivity caused by the bleaching process.

Are you considering looking for professional teeth whitening in Las Vegas? Get in touch with us today to book a safe and effective teeth whitening procedure that will immediately brighten your smile.

Black Tartar on Teeth

You noticed black stuff on teeth that won’t go away no matter how hard you try brushing. If that’s the case, it might not be a regular stain. You are dealing with calculus or black tartar on teeth. This guide covers all details on how to tackle this dental problem. Whether you have black at the base of the tooth or in its upper section, here is what you should know about calculus and returning a perfect smile!

What Is Black Tartar?

Each meal you eat or beverage you drink helps bacteria to form in your mouth. That bacteria creates black plaque on teeth. It’s possible to remove it with flossing and brushing. But if you leave it untreated, it hardens and becomes black tartar on teeth.

Calculus will stain and become black. Apart from complicating your oral hygiene, it can be a precursor to different oral health problems.

What Complications Can Arise?

While tartar on teeth is primarily an aesthetic problem, it’s vital to treat it as soon as possible. Otherwise, you put your oral health at risk. If you notice black at the base of the tooth, it could be a sign of early tooth decay.

And if there is black between teeth and gums, it could irritate your gum line and cause inflammation. The research indicates almost every second adult over 30 in the United States deals with gingivitis. It’s the initial stage of gum disease that puts your oral health at risk. If you don’t treat it, it can become periodontitis. It’s a severe gum disease that often includes huge pain and teeth falling out.

Periodontitis is a health hazard for other conditions, such as diabetes, heart, and respiratory diseases. That’s why it’s best to deal with black stuff on teeth near gums as soon as possible.

Causes of Black Tartar

Reasons behind black stuff on teeth aren’t that different from causes of other health problems. Here’s what could lead to tartar on teeth:

  • Improper oral hygiene. If you don’t brush and floss regularly, you could end up with black stuff on your teeth. Plaque forms first and tartar later, which is why you shouldn’t let that plaque harden.
  • Bad eating habits. Sugary foods like candy are a huge oral health problem. It can lead to a variety of problems with your teeth. The same applies to processed foods rich in starch.
  • Poor drinking habits. It’s not only alcohol, although wine is among the biggest risks for tartar on teeth. You also want to avoid juices and sugary liquids.
  • Smoking. If you smoke, tooth discoloration is only a matter of time. And if you don’t have proper oral hygiene, the risk of tartar forming only increases.
  • Damage of trauma. If you hit your tooth, it could lead to enamel damage, making it more vulnerable to tartar.

Black Tartar on Teeth

Symptoms of Black Tartar

What’s the best way to recognize black tartar on teeth? Check out for these signs to identify a potential problem:

  • Dark discoloration on the tooth’s surface. Do you notice black at the base of a tooth or close to it?
  • Visible deposits. If you can see deposits on your teeth, it could be tartar or indicate a risk of it forming soon.
  • Bad breath. This is a common indicator you have an oral health issue.
  • Loose teeth and bleeding gums. It could mean tartar already migrated into gum disease, so make sure to check with your dentist immediately.

Does Black Tartar Mean Cavity?

A systematic review published in 2019 shows that black stuff on teeth near gums and cavities aren’t related. If you have tartar, that doesn’t mean you have a cavity. Furthermore, you might have a lower chance of developing it.

Can You Get Rid of Black Tartar on Teeth?

The first step is to get a  toothbrush with soft bristles. Next, get a fluoride toothpaste or one that mentions “for tartar and plaque.”

Once you have the necessary equipment, try to brush your teeth at least twice a day. Make sure you are dedicated to the process and sweep any plaque or deposit. The experts suggest using a water flosser since high pressure can help get any plaque out from tricky places. If that doesn’t work, the next step in how to remove tartar from teeth is to schedule an appointment with your dentist. A dental professional will use advanced equipment and suggest the best course of action for your specific situation.

Is It OK to Scrape Tartar Off Your Teeth?

You might be tempted to buy a plaque scraper and use it at home. However, that’s a huge risk since you can damage your teeth easily. It’s better to let a pro do the thing they are licensed and skilled for.

A dental professional will use tooth scaling to scrape your tooth surface. This deep cleaning will help deal with black stuff on teeth near gums. If necessary, the dentist will even go with root planning to clean below the gumline.

How to Prevent Tartar on Your Teeth

Prevention is the best medication, which applies to dealing with tartar. If you deal with the plaque, you won’t be at risk for tartar development.

The following are the best guidelines to follow to prevent calculus from appearing:

  • Brush and floss regularly. The experts suggest brushing in the morning and before you head to sleep. It’s mandatory to use high-quality toothpaste and brush your teeth for at least two minutes per session. As for flossing, once a day should be enough. Choose a water flosser along with the classic floss for better effectiveness.
  • Pay attention to what you eat. The first rule is to limit the sugar intake but avoid sticky and highly-processed foods, too. Additionally, try not to drink sodas and other sugary beverages.
  • Adjust your lifestyle. If you smoke or drink alcohol, try to limit those two habits as much as possible. Regular exercise and boosting your overall health can assist in avoiding oral health issues.


Tartar or calculus is black discoloration on your teeth. It looks ugly and ruins your perfect smile. It could also develop into a more serious oral health issue, and it’s vital to deal with it in time. You can try brushing and flossing, but if the black discoloration seems persistent, it’s wise to contact your dentist. Schedule an appointment to receive deep cleaning and consult on the best course of action to improve your oral health!

infection after tooth extraction

Infection After Tooth Extraction: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Even though your tooth extraction is simple and straightforward, complications are still possible.

Since wisdom tooth extraction is the most common dental surgery procedure, millions of people each year experience some form of complications or discomfort afterward. In most cases, this is entirely natural. Of course, getting a tooth removed from your mouth is a significant procedure, and it will take your body some time to recover.

However, if you notice an abnormal amount of pain in the days and weeks after your extraction, there is a chance that you may have developed an infection after tooth extraction. So, what exactly does an infection after tooth extraction look/feel like, and how do you know when it’s time to go and see your dentist?

How Do I Know If a Tooth Is Infected After Extraction?

For the most part, an infected tooth after extraction will make itself known in one way or another. You don’t have to worry about an infection going under the radar since you will almost certainly develop symptoms that will make the state of infection obvious to you.

So how do these infections develop in the first place? Well, an infected tooth after extraction usually occurs when bacteria can access the region where the tooth used to be. Once the bacteria enter the bloodstream, the infection begins. From there, the body will start to fight off the infection with various methods, including fever, swelling, and the build-up of pus. In almost all situations, this infection will cause intense pain that will continue to escalate until the infection is treated. Here is a quick checklist of the main indications of an infected socket after tooth extraction:

  • Escalating pain
  • Continuous bleeding
  • Bad breath
  • Discharge/pus

Interestingly, one of the most prevalent reasons for a tooth extraction infection is smoking too soon after the treatment or using any other oral tobacco products. That’s because smoking makes it much more difficult for the body to fight off an infection, and it also increases the likelihood of loosening the blood clot that forms in your mouth. As a result, try to refrain from smoking while you are recovering if you want to avoid picking up an infection after tooth extraction.

How To Get Rid of Infection After Tooth Extraction

Whether you’ve picked up an infected wisdom tooth extraction or you think you’ve picked up an infection from regular tooth removal, you probably want to know what the next steps are. First and foremost, head straight to your dentist as soon as possible so you can get the wound inspected and passed by a professional. Infections are a serious medical condition, and if they are left unchecked, they can cause severe complications. The sooner you start the treatment, the less traumatic and invasive it will be. If there is an infection present, the dentist will clean the area and likely prescribe a course of antibiotics for you to take at home.

How Long Does it Take For an Infected Tooth After Extraction To Heal?

This all depends on the severity of the infection. For most regular extractions, you should be fully healed within one to two weeks, but an infection will delay this process.

Another thing to take into consideration is the reason for the tooth extraction and where it was located. For example, if you had a tooth removed because of an abscess, you need to wait to see what happens to the abscess after tooth extraction and if it has been successfully removed.

What if my tooth is infected?

Sometimes, an infection can spread to your other teeth if the bacteria manage to get inside through a chip, crack, or cavity. So, can a dentist pull an infected tooth? The short answer is yes, of course – but it is not the first course of action.

In most cases, the dentist will do everything they can to save the infected tooth, with extraction acting as a last resort. Before that happens, the dentist will usually try to drain the infection or perform a root canal. So the answer to can you pull an infected tooth is yes, but this will only be the treatment if all else fails.

The bottom line

Picking up an infection after a tooth extraction is not exactly the most comfortable of experiences, but it is easily treatable if you take action promptly. If you notice any of the obvious symptoms such as excessive and escalating pain, continuous bleeding, bad breath, and pus/discharge, then make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible so they can assess your situation and start your treatment.

sedation-dentistry las vegas

Dry Socket Vs. Normal Socket: What Are The Differences?

Dry socket, otherwise known as alveolar osteitis, is inflammation of the alveolar bone. This typically occurs as a complication of tooth extraction and can be very painful due to the bone and nerves becoming exposed. So, what does a dry socket look like, and are there any major differences between a dry socket vs normal socket? Let’s find out.

How To Know If You Have a Dry Socket?

After tooth extraction, you will have an empty socket where the old tooth and its root would have been. If your wound is healing as it should, the empty socket should begin to heal on its own while your pain starts to decrease with each passing day.

However, the main difference between a dry socket vs normal is that your pain level will begin to escalate as time goes on. You may experience throbbing that spreads across your jaw, all the way up to your ear.

So, what does a dry socket look like, and what are some of the main symptoms?

  • Increasing pain
  • Visible bone or tissue upon inspection
  • Bad taste
  • Extreme sensitivity
  • Bad breath
  • No blood clot in the empty socket

How Do Dry Sockets Occur?

After tooth extraction, e.g. wisdom tooth removal there is going to be a large hole left in your mouth that your body needs to heal. In response, the body creates inflammation which causes swelling around the area. Platelets clump together and form a blood clot, which is the body’s method for protecting the wound and sealing it shut.

However, the situation is a bit different when looking at dry socket vs normal, since this means that the body hasn’t healed correctly. What does dry socket look like in these cases, and what causes this to happen?

Well, there are a few factors that increase the likelihood of developing a dry socket, such as

  • putting too much pressure on the wound (and dislodging the clot),
  • smoking,
  • if you already had a preexisting infection before the surgery took place.

Treatment For Dry Socket

Let’s say the worst has happened and you have been unfortunate enough to develop a dry socket. What are some of the ways you would treat a dry socket vs a normal socket? The American Dental Association advises going to the dentist to control signs. First things first, if you feel as though the clot has become dislodged or if you are in a lot of pain, you need to revisit your dentist and seek expert advice.

In most cases, the dentist will flush out the socket with a saline solution to clean the area and prevent infection from spreading. Next, they will slowly pack the socket with a medicated dressing that will control the pain while encouraging the body to form another cloth and heal correctly. Once the dressing is in place you will usually have to return to the dentist once every 2-3 days to change the dressing, have the wound cleaned, and have the dentist inspect the socket to see how well it is healing. Throughout this time you may be prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to assist the healing process.

When Can You Stop Worrying About Dry Socket?

If you’re wondering when can I stop worrying about dry sockets, you can probably count yourself safe once you hit five days after the surgery. The risk of dry socket reduces over time, so the more chance the wound has to heal, the more likely it is that you just have a normal socket after tooth extraction.

For example, if you can see a healthy wisdom tooth blood clot forming in your wound and it’s been five or more days, you can safely assume that you’re out of the woods and you have healed correctly.

How Do You Tell If You Have a Dry Socket or Just Pain?

The first thing to monitor is your pain. Now, it’s important to bear in mind that it is completely normal for you to feel some level of pain after tooth extraction. After all, having a tooth pulled from your mouth is a traumatic experience for most people, and it will usually necessitate that you take painkillers for at least a few days after the surgery is complete.

However, if you notice that your pain levels are continuing to rise after 2-3 days and you feel your mouth becoming more sensitive, then there is a strong chance you have developed a dry socket. With that said, pain tolerances vary quite significantly from person to person, and there are some rare cases of people developing dry socket without feeling and strong sensations of pain.

Yet, the good news is that if you can tolerate the pain, there is no need to seek treatment as the body will heal on its own. Just be sure to keep an eye on the wound so you can ensure that no infections are taking hold. Some of the key markers of infection include discoloration, pus coming from the socket, and a bad smell.


Hopefully, by now you have a good understanding of the differences between a dry socket vs normal socket, as well as some of the main things to look out for after you have undergone tooth extraction. Remember, the main symptom that you will experience if you do develop a dry socket is an increasing level of pain despite several days that have passed since your surgery. Therefore, it’s a good idea to keep track of your pain (maybe with a journal), so you can record whether or not you are feeling better or if you need to contact the dentist to get your wound seen.




Implants in Las Vegas

How Long Do Veneers Last On Teeth? Porcelain and Composite

Whether you have already had veneers fitted, or if you are considering getting some fitted in the near future, you are probably wondering how long do veneers last.

After all, veneers are not the relatively affordable dental procedure you can undertake, so you need to be sure that you know what you are getting yourself in for before you sign on the dotted line.

What Is The Difference Between Composite and Porcelain Veneers?

There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and porcelain. While both of these materials are used to achieve the same effect, there are some important differences you need to be aware of.

So, how do veneers work that are made from porcelain? Well, porcelain veneers are thin shells that are adhered to the outer surface of the tooth, somewhat similar to false nails.

On the other hand, composite veneers are made up of engineered resin that is affixed to the outer surface. In general, porcelain veneers are usually preferred as they are stronger, more robust, and don’t stain as much as composite.

Dental clinic. Reception, examination of the patient. Teeth careHow Often Do Veneers Need To Be Replaced?

Are veneers permanent? The unfortunate answer to this question is no. There are a number of factors that you need to consider before you can come up with a solid answer.

First of all, your veneers are just like your natural teeth – meaning that they need to be properly cleaned and maintained; otherwise, they will stain and become damaged. On top of this, porcelain is glass, which means it can be shattered with excessive pressure.

With this in mind, porcelain veneers typically last anywhere from 10 to 30 years, depending on how well you look after them. So, how long do veneers last that are made from composite? In these cases, you are probably looking at around 4-8 years since composite is a lot weaker and therefore more prone to damage.

When Are Dental Veneers Used?

Dental veneers are generally used to treat a number of cosmetic issues, such as chipped, discolored, broken, or misshapen teeth. Some people just get one veneer, but the vast majority get at least eight (four on the top and four on the bottom), so they can achieve an even symmetrical smile.

The Benefits of Veneers

So why do people get veneers? Well, as it turns out, there are quite a few benefits to be had from getting them fitted, including:

● A more aesthetic smile
● Covers cosmetic issues
● Prevent tooth discoloration (e.g. white spots on teeth)
● They are low maintenance
● Can increase confidence in your smile
● Protect the underlying teeth

What Can Affect The Lifespan of Veneers?

First of all, tobacco products and smoking, in general, will turn your teeth yellow just as they would your natural teeth. This will begin to affect the aesthetics of your teeth quite quickly, so make sure you avoid smoking if possible.

In addition to this, dark-colored food and beverages will stain teeth, such as wine, tea, coffee, and some sauces. Moderation is key here, as well as remembering to brush after each meal.

Using your veneers as tools is also another culprit of cutting the lifespan of your veneers short. If you use your teeth for opening bottles, biting nails, and so on, they can easily crack under pressure and become damaged.

The bottom line

The short answer to how long veneers last is somewhere between 10-30 years. However, this all depends on the materials that are used to make your veneers, as well as how mindful you can be of your teeth and how well you take care of them with things such as conducting regular oral hygiene.

One of the greatest methods to ensure that your dental veneers stay as long as possible is to rely on a knowledgeable and competent dentist you can trust. At Stephen Spelman DDS Dental center, we take extra care of each and every one of our patients to guarantee that you enjoy your new smile from the moment you see it. Dental veneers are an investment in yourself, so don’t try to save money by not having them professionally installed. Contact us now to schedule a veneer consultation appointment.

should you rinse after brushing teeth

Should You Be Rinsing Your Mouth With Water After Brushing?

The question of whether or not you should rinse after brushing really depends on your preference. Whilst there have been studies on the impact of rinsing, the results only indicate that there might be an advantage of one over the other.

However, the unfortunate truth is that many people are carrying out their daily oral hygiene routines incorrectly, which could be damaging their teeth and leading them to have a variety of issues later down the road.

Rinsing after brushingArgument On Why You Should Rinse Your Mouth

The reason why there is contention in the first place is because of the main ingredient that is present in your toothpaste: fluoride. The reason that dentists tell you to brush for two minutes is so that it gives the toothpaste and the fluoride enough time to work properly.

However, the vast majority of people don’t spend the full two minutes brushing their teeth, which means that when they rinse, they are also rinsing away the fluoride before it has been given enough time to clean their teeth effectively.

As you know, once you have brushed your teeth, your mouth is usually pretty foamy and full of toothpaste. Once you spit it out, you can still taste the fluoride in your mouth, which is not exactly the most pleasant of experiences.

How Long Should You Wait to Rinse After Brushing?

If you want to be on the safe side, then you should wait at least twenty minutes before rinsing your mouth after brushing. This gives the fluoride more time to work, which means you have a better chance at cleaning them and preventing tooth decay.

Should you rinse after brushing teeth using mouthwash or just water? Once again, this all depends. However, if you are going to use mouthwash, then it’s best to wait a little bit longer before rinsing.

Argument On Why You Shouldn’t Rinse Your Mouth Out With Water

If you do not rinse your teeth, then it gives the fluoride more chance to get to work at cleaning your teeth and gums, which means that you will have better oral hygiene and prevent the unwanted build-up of plaque.

Can I use mouthwash after wisdom tooth extraction, and should you rinse after brushing teeth in these instances? In short, you should probably avoid rinsing as often in these circumstances as you want to keep your mouth as clean as possible so it can heal correctly. Of course, it is important to rinse sometimes, but don’t overdo it.


So, do you rinse after brushing? After reading this article, you may want to rethink your brushing habits by waiting to rinse your teeth for a few minutes so that you can make sure you leave ample time for the fluoride to do its job. By now, most dentists are pretty clear when asked the question, “are you supposed to rinse after brushing?” And that answer is…no.

You can also ask your dentist for more advice – you can contact us and we’ll be happy to assist in any way we can.


black holes on tooth

Black Spot on Tooth: What Does That Dark Spot Mean?

It is not uncommon for people, even regular brushers, to experience tooth discoloration. Drinking wine can turn your teeth purple, while caffeine can turn them yellow. These are not a cause for concern. However, if you have a black spot on tooth, that may indicate a deeper problem that needs to be addressed. Whatever the case may be, this article will give you all the information you need to know about what the spot is and what you can do about it.

Does a Black Spot on a Tooth Mean a Cavity?

Cavities can undoubtedly cause a black spot on tooth to form. Poor dental hygiene habits like brushing and flossing can lead to food and bacteria building up on your teeth, which creates a substance called plaque. Left to its own devices, plaque eats away at your enamel and opens the door for cavities to form. From there, you may start to see a black dot on the tooth.

Why Do I Have a Black or Dark Spot on My Teeth?

There are several potential causes of black spots on teeth. So, don’t automatically think you have a cavity because you looked in the mirror one morning and noticed a black spot on your gums. Here are a few potential causes of your issue:

  • Tooth injury can result in a black spot on the tooth appearing.
  • Tartar buildup on the tooth in question.
  • A condition called fluorosis, caused by excessive fluoride intake may be responsible for a black dot on the tooth.
  • Staining can also be responsible for the discoloration of your teeth.

How Can I Avoid More Black Dots on My Teeth?Girl Using Floss Cleaning Teeth Standing Over Gray Background, Studio

If you are worried that your habits may cause more brown spots on your teeth, there are a few things you can do to make sure it never happens again. You need to promise yourself that you will commit to a stringent dental hygiene regimen and treat your teeth as you treat someone you love.

Brush and floss your teeth. The most basic advice is often the best advice. Every time you go to the dentist, they tell you repeatedly to brush and floss your teeth. They are not just saying that as a catchphrase. Brushing your teeth drastically reduces the chance of plaque buildup on your teeth. Flossing goes a step further by eliminating that possibility. And the whole process takes less than five minutes.

If you have the money and don’t want to commit to any dental hygiene plan, consider getting porcelain veneers. Veneers permanently bond to your teeth and act as a type of shell. If you go this route, you will protect your teeth, and you won’t find yourself searching “black spot on teeth how to remove” on the internet any time soon.

How Can I Get Rid of a Black Spot on my Molar Teeth?

The first thing you will want to do is visit your dentist to get an assessment by a professional. They will tell you what’s going on and what you need to do to fix the problem. Let’s go over some of the potential directions the dentist will take you.

If you have a cavity, you will be looking at some dental work. Typically, you will need to undergo procedures like fillings, root canals, or crowns. There is no need to worry about these as they are very common, and the success rate is exceptionally high.

Black marks on teeth caused by tartar are a bit different. Procedures such as dental prophylaxis or periodontal treatment may eliminate tartar buildup and aid with discoloration.

If, on the other hand, you don’t have a cavity, and the black stuff on teeth near gums is a result of staining, then teeth whitening will serve you well

The Bottom Line

If you notice a black dot on the tooth, you may have a severe issue. However, it could be something as simple as staining on your teeth. So do the responsible thing and book an appointment with your dentist. From there, they might tell you that you need to undergo a procedure to save your tooth or send you on your way. Either way, there are ample resources at your disposal to solve the problems you are experiencing with your teeth in this day and age.